Welcome to the Gallery. We are fortunate that there exist pictures of the Stuart kings from the succession of Robert II in 1371 to the death of the last male Stuart prince and de jure King Henry I & IX in 1807. These images by kind permission of the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh. These and other images of paintings on this site are the copyright of the National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh.
Click on any image to enlarge.

Robert II 1371-1390
The first Stewart king, succeeding in right of his mother Princess Marjory, d of Robert I The Bruce. Guardian of Scotland for David II. An uneventful reign.

Robert III 1390-1406
Strong man was the brother Robert, Earl of Fife. Widening gap between highlands and lowlands.

James I 1406-1437
Youthful prisoner in England. Strong Govt 1424-37.A poet. St Andrew University founded 1412. Renewal of Auld Alliance 1428. Law and order established. Murdered 1437.

James II of the fiary face, 1437-1460
Rise of the Douglases. New coinage. Founding of Glasgow University 1450. Broke power of the Douglases. Killed by an exploding canon.

James III 1460-1488
A patron of the Arts. Early Renaissance. Inflation. Rise of the Boyd family. Rebellion. Murdered.

James IV 1488-1513
A Renaissance prince: highly competent: a Gaelic speaker: supported united Christendom against Ottoman power: builder....Falkland Palace, Holyroodhouse: built the navy " The Great Michael": College of Surgeons 1505, printing press 1507: University of Aberdeen 1512. Killed at Flodden.
James V 1513-1542
Unhappy childhood: went about in disguise as an ordinary citizen:embellishment of Falkland: enforcement of law: died of a broken heart after battle of Solway Moss.

Mary of Guise 1515-1560
Played crucial part in politics. Supported Auld Alliance with France against English Party. Witnessed 'rough wrong' of 1547 - invading English destroyed 4 fine assays, 7 monasteries, 5 market towns and plundered 243 villages. Saw inroads of Protestantism but died before arrival of daughter in 1561 as Q of Scots.
Mary Stuart 1542-1567
Adoption of the French spelling of Stuart. Regency of the Queen Mother Mary of Guise until 1560. Married next heir to the throne, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. Turbulent reign: rise of protestantism. Forced abdication: fled to England: executed there 1587.

James VI 1567-1625
King of England and Ireland from 1603, and first King of Great Britain. An able ruler, but returned to Scotland only once.

Charles I 1625-1649
Sound renaissance education and a linguist. A great art collector: invited van Dyck to his court: peaceful reign for 11 years; little political skills in face of the rise of parliamentary power: lost the civil war that followed and was executed by Cromwell and the republicans.
Charles II 1649-1685
A joyous restoration in 1660 after 11 years of puritan govt and dictatorship.A pragmatic and clever ruler; a patron of science and medicine; died a Catholic.

James VII of Scotland and II of England and Great Britain.
A catholic king and a poor politician. A troubled reign: after the invasion of Dutch William goes into exile in France and dies in 1701, having reigned only 1685-1689.

James VIII and III

King de jure. Never reigned; many attempts to regain thrones 1715-16 when landed in Scotland but wasn't crowned. In exile in France and Italy; a highly cultured man and patron of the arts.

Charles III de jure

Better known to history as Bonnie Prince Charlie: the rising of 1745 and its romantic story: no legitimate children. Succeeded by his brother.

Henry IX, the Cardinal King and technically Henry I of Scotland.
A man of ability and geniality who never pressed his dynastic claims. Impoverished by the French revolution he gratefully accepted a pension from the Hanoverian George III. He was the last of the male line of the royal Stuarts.

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